Guadalajara, Mexico, Mar. 13 (Notimex).- At the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS, for its acronym in Spanish) in Jalisco, six thousand patients are undergoing substitution treatments such as peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis due to kidney disease.
The foregoing was announced in a statement by the head of the Division of Nephrology and Transplants of the Specialties Hospital of the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS, for its acronym in Spanish) in Jalisco, Eduardo González Espinoza.
He noted that of these patients up to 30 percent require a kidney transplant. However, some adverse conditions generate that some people are not suitable for this type of intervention.
Among these are factors such as age, if it is people over 80 years old, who have morbid obesity or many years living with uncontrolled diabetes, with a history of cancer, which fall into exclusion criteria because the prognosis in patients with these characteristics is not favorable.
He added that other patients who would not be candidates for a transplant are those who have a mental disorder, so within the protocol to be transplanted must be assessed by the Department of Psychiatry of the same hospital.
He said that among the main kidney diseases that result in transplantation, are lupus, nephropathies, chronic renal failure, glomerulopathies, renal hypoplasia, among others.
He explained that some predispose the person to kidney failure, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, kidney stones, urethral changes, obesity, to name a few.
This, together with other risk factors, which include the intake of nephrotoxic drugs, and self-medication with non-prescribed drugs, he said.
He stressed, however, that up to 40 percent of cases of kidney failure are of idiopathic origin, that is, of unknown cause, and without a family history.
González Espinoza exhorted the population to continue donating their organs, since there is a large number of patients waiting to be transplanted.
He commented that currently there are registered on the waiting list to receive a kidney through cadaveric donation, more than three thousand patients. He specified that in 2017, 509 patients were added to the same list, and 131 more have been added this year.
He added that the percentage of survival of transplant patients is 94 percent. The success of the intervention depends on factors such as the time of progression of kidney disease before being transplanted, age, and general health, among other factors.