Mexico, May 16 (Notimex) .- Specialists from the Center for Scientific Research of Yucatán (CICY, for its acronym in Spanish) improve the production of coconut through an in vitro method of propagation of elite plants, in addition to working with genes for resistance to diseases of this crop.
Luis Alfonso Sáenz Carbonell, from the Biotechnology Unit, explained that they also analyze the structure of the DNA of this tropical fruit, to treat the disease of Lethal Yellowing, which affects various palm species.
According to information from the Center, attached to the system of public centers of the National Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT, for its acronym in Spanish), the expert has been working on this research since 1990 and one of the first results is that he managed, through this method, to produce up to 50 thousand plants per year.
Therefore, its purpose is to cross borders through these in vitro plants to improve coconut production and positively impact the national and international economies.
This work went from a laboratory to what they call bio-factories, where the method is replicated. These spaces, said Sáenz Carbonell, can be established in any region of the country and in other nations.
In parallel, the experts carry out studies on lethal yellowing; in this line of study collaborates the scientist of the same center, Clelia de la Peña Seaman.
To improve productivity, they seek to eradicate this ailment of the coconut tree and find genetic resistance.